Formate salts are distinctly be used in both organic solvents and in water unlike most conventional salts which are only water soluble. The formate part of the salt has antioxidant properties which protects common materials in contact with formate salts against corrosion. Hence, under most circumstances, customers can effectively use formate salts without worrying about solubility challenges or corrosion-related costs.
The following formates are now available.
- Sodium formate (enzyme stabilizer in detergents, leather tanning agent, deicer, acid buffer, recovery of precious metals, precipitant in protein crystallization, shale stabilizer, reducing agent, electroplating agent, complexing agent, cosmetic preservative, etc.)
- Lithium formate (buffer, radiation therapy dosimetry, NLO optical devices, formylating agent, etc.)
- Calcium formate (masking agent, concrete setting accelerator, pickling agent, calcium foliar fertilizer, automobile airbag deployment agent, feed additive, etc.)
- Magnesium formate (buffer, protein precipitant, etc.)
- Cesium formate (shell drilling mud, electrolyte, cesium precursor in perovskites, high-density alkaline batteries, solar cell coatings)
- Copper (II) formate (copper plating agent, fine copper precursor, biocidal agent, ceramics precursor, etc.)
Just like formates, aqueous acetate solutions are non-flammable, non-toxic, less corrosive and more efficient electronics coolants than calcium chloride solution. Even with higher price than calcium chloride, alkali metal acetates have found many high-tech applications in recent years.
The following acetates will be available soon.
- Potassium acetate (catalyst, airport runway liquid deicer, lavatory antifreeze, RV antifreeze, fire suppressant agent, electronics coolant, etc.)
- Sodium acetate (thermal storage material for heat packs, hot ice, reactive dye fixation agent, buffer, etc.)
- Lithium acetate (buffer, lithium grease, lithium battery anode precursor, pharmaceutical ingredient, etc.)
Propionate salts have several lifesaving uses. In agriculture, sodium propionate, calcium propionate and ammonium propionate are commonly used as preservatives in animal feed. They may be used during the feed ensiling process in order to improve silage shelf life. In the bakeries and food industry in general, sodium propionate is used safely as an antimicrobial food preservative. In pharmacy, it is used to remedy skin fungal infections. In Beauty and Personal Care, ammonium propionate, calcium propionate, magnesium propionate, potassium propionate and sodium propionate preserve cosmetic products and increase shelf life.
The following propionates are under development and will be available soon.
- Potassium propionate (food preservative, antimicrobial agent, etc.)
- Sodium propionate (food preservative, mold inhibitor, etc.)
- Calcium propionate (calcium source for cattle, mold inhibitor, etc.)
The advantage of using salts of butyrate salt instead of butyric acid is that the salts are less odorous and is easier to handle. Consequently, potassium, calcium, sodium, and magnesium butyrates are commonly used in the veterinary field.
The following butyrates are under development and will be available soon.
- Potassium butyrate (feed additive, etc.)
- Sodium butyrate (gut detoxifier, feed additive, etc.)
- Calcium butyrate (animal feed, etc.)
Synthetic esters of valeric acid are used as key ingredients in perfume and cosmetic fragrances while metal valerates are useful as animal feed additives, lubricants, liquid crystals, powder coatings, or electrolytes.
The following valerates are under development and will be available soon.
- Sodium valerate (specialty electrolyte, animal feed, etc.)
- Zinc valerate (synthetic lure for predators, etc.)
Calcium levulinate can be as a nutritive fortifier of foods that people eat daily. Besides food uses, calcium levulinate can be formulated into liquid or sold doses of calcium-borne medication. Sodium levulinate, on the other hand, is a cosmetic antimicrobial agent with skin softening properties.
The following levulinates are under development and will be available soon.
- Sodium levulinate (cosmetic preservative, fragrance, emulsion stabilizer, etc.)
- Calcium levulinate (calcium supplement, food fortifier, biofuel precursor, etc.)